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Hijaz Railway Station
Location
Damascus
Country
Syria

Architect/Engineer/Team
Fernando De Aranda

Construction
1912/1917

Address
Central Damascus

Project Status
Built
Building Type
Public building

Notes
The railway station introduced a new building type into the country in what came to be viewed as a "modern Arab" style. The building has a symmetrical tri-partite street fa├žade which central entrance leads into a grand hall and is similar in plan to many European railway stations of the time. The innovation is in the architectural expression of the crenellated arched openings and the detail in the stonework, referring to the geometric patterns and structure of older Syrian architecture, while including new elements such as a large clock. The building remains an important reminder of the beginning of a new regional style that lasted until the mid-century.
Sources

World Architecture a Critical Mosaic, Vol.5, Middle-East, pp. 14-15

Read also: Rami Daher writings on Hijaz Railway

Fernando de Aranda (by Alejandro Lago & Pablo Fernandez Cartagena)

Information in this database is updated constantly. Do not hesitate to send us comments, information, or illustrations (with appropriate credits) to database@arab-architecture.org
View of the Facade
Source: Fernando De Aranda
© Photo Jaber al Azmeh
Aerial view from the 1930s
Source: Fernando De Aranda